Rape in Asia

IRIN describes a UN report today with the results of a survey in Asia on rape and GBV.* The study was also published in The Lancet. The survey interviewed 10,168 men in 6 countries from Jan. 2011-Dec. 2012: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Papua New Guinea. The study found the country with the highest prevalence of men who have raped women was Papua New Guinea:

“with 62 percent of the men interviewed there indicating they had raped a woman.” (IRIN)

The study probably found higher rates of rape than previous surveys in part because it never used the word “rape” in the questionnaire, asking instead (about non-partner rape) about having “forced a woman who was not your wife or girlfriend at the time to have sex” or having “had sex with a woman who was too drunk or drugged to indicate whether she wanted it”. Novel concept, that (that rapists might not think of the rapes they committed as rapes or that they’d show social desirability bias if the word “rape” were used).

It also found that:

“The most common motivation perpetrators gave for rape was a sense of sexual entitlement – the belief that men have a right to sex with women regardless of consent (73 percent of respondents). More than half said it was for entertainment (53 percent), while alcohol, often assumed to be a common trigger for violence, was the least common response.” (IRIN)

It’s interesting, though not surprising, that entitlement is the top motivation. Entitlement and entertainment. I just watched the first half of “Half the Sky” today and the focus seemed more on shaming rape victims and extending that shame to family members, who then turn on the victim. It’s just depressing how far there is to go, how difficult it is, and how easy it is to regress in encouraging cultural change that empowers women and teaches men to treat women as equals and not as objects they are entitled to use for their sexual gratification.

I wonder what the reasons could be for alcohol being the least common response. Would that be evidence in favor of or against the oft-cited adage that “alcohol doesn’t make you do anything you wouldn’t want to do when you were sober–it just gives you the ‘courage’ to actually do it (i.e. it disinhibits you)”? While I was in India this summer, I got into a bit of an argument with some friends about the statewide ban on alcohol instituted under Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi. They seemed convinced that such a policy had all-but-eliminated domestic violence in the state. Needless to say, I am not convinced. I’m not even convinced that, individual liberties aside, the policy is actually a net benefit for the people of Gujarat. Alcohol deserves its bad reputation as possibly the first or second most harmful drug on earth, but I wonder if anti-alcohol-abuse campaigns that focus on DV aren’t obstacles to DV prevention in the long term.

*The IRIN site crashed and was giving 503 errors at the time of writing this article. The website for Partners For Prevention (who conducted the study) was down, too, according to NPR. Paranoid me wonders if it wasn’t sexist hackers angry about the study. Let’s hope I’m wrong.

Petri dish art

Zachary Copfer has started a Kickstarter campaign to fund his bacteriography, a fusion of microbiology and art. I’m not quite sure of his technique but I’m guessing he rasterizes black-and-white photographs and then uses a special printer to lay down bacteria for the shadows and antibiotics for the lights. I wonder, though, about the medium and diffusion rates, which could require extra adjustment of the image sent to the printer. He’s even used GFP E. coli for glow-in-the-dark images of things like the Milky Way and a “velocirabbit,” a velociraptor-rabbit hybrid, but I’ve gotta say, the Charles Darwin image is my favorite.

Bacteriograph of Charles Darwin.

United States Sentencing Commission’s website, USSC.gov hacked

Anonymous has apparently taken over ussc.gov

They’ve got a 9 min video explaining their actions as part of Operation Last Resort. A couple of lines in the video make the skeptic in me think that it’s a (really, really well done) DOJ hoax meant to portray Anonymous in a negative light, but in the end I’m guessing it is legit. They claim that the judicial system and many other systems in the US have become fundamentally unjust, serving the needs of the powerful. The disproportionate sentencing they mentioned seems to be why this site was targeted first. This places citizens, like Aaron Swartz, in a game where, quoting the ’80s film War Games, “the only winning move is not to play.”

See the text of their message below.

Citizens of the world,

Anonymous has observed for some time now the trajectory of justice in the United States with growing concern. We have marked the departure of this system from the noble ideals in which it was born and enshrined. We have seen the erosion of due process, the dilution of constitutional rights, the usurpation of the rightful authority of courts by the “discretion” of prosecutors. We have seen how the law is wielded less and less to uphold justice, and more and more to exercise control, authority and power in the interests of oppression or personal gain.

We have been watching, and waiting.

Two weeks ago today, a line was crossed. Two weeks ago today, Aaron Swartz was killed. Killed because he faced an impossible choice. Killed because he was forced into playing a game he could not win — a twisted and distorted perversion of justice — a game where the only winning move was not to play.

Anonymous immediately convened an emergency council to discuss our response to this tragedy. After much heavy-hearted discussion, the decision was upheld to engage the United States Department of Justice and its associated executive branches in a game of a similar nature, a game in which the only winning move is not to play.

Last year the Federal Bureau of Investigation revelled in porcine glee at its successful infiltration of certain elements of Anonymous. This infiltration was achieved through the use of the *same tactics which lead to Aaron Swartz’ death. It would not have been possible were it not for the power of federal prosecutors to thoroughly destroy the lives of any hacktivists they apprehend through the very real threat of highly disproportionate sentencing.

As a result of the FBI’s infiltration and entrapment tactics, several more of our brethren now face similar disproportionate persecution, the balance of their lives hanging on the severely skewed scales of a broken justice system.

We have felt within our hearts a burning rage in reaction to these events, but we have not allowed ourselves to be drawn into a foolish and premature response. We have bidden our time, operating in the shadows, adapting our tactics and honing our abilities. We have allowed the FBI and its masters in government — both the puppet and the shadow government that controls it — to believe they had struck a crippling blow to our infrastructure, that they had demoralized us, paralyzed us with paranoia and fear. We have held our tongue and waited.

With Aaron’s death we can wait no longer. The time has come to show the United States Department of Justice and its affiliates the true meaning of infiltration. The time has come to give this system a taste of its own medicine. The time has come for them to feel the helplessness and fear that comes with being forced into a game where the odds are stacked against them.

This website was chosen due to the symbolic nature of its purpose — the federal sentencing guidelines which enable prosecutors to cheat citizens of their constitutionally-guaranteed right to a fair trial, by a jury of their peers — the federal sentencing guidelines which are in clear violation of the 8th amendment protection against cruel and unusual punishments. This website was also chosen due to the nature of its visitors. It is far from the only government asset we control, and we have exercised such control for quite some time…

There has been a lot of fuss recently in the technological media regarding such operations as Red October, the widespread use of vulnerable browsers and the availability of zero-day exploits for these browsers and their plugins. None of this comes of course as any surprise to us, but it is perhaps good that those within the information security industry are making the extent of these threats more widely understood.

Still there is nothing quite as educational as a well-conducted demonstration…

Through this websites and various others that will remain unnamed, we have been conducting our own infiltration. We did not restrict ourselves like the FBI to one high-profile compromise. We are far more ambitious, and far more capable. Over the last two weeks we have wound down this operation, removed all traces of leakware from the compromised systems, and taken down the injection apparatus used to detect and exploit vulnerable machines.

We have enough fissile material for multiple warheads. Today we are launching the first of these. Operation Last Resort has begun…

Warhead – U S – D O J – L E A – 2013 . A E E 256 is primed and armed. It has been quietly distributed to numerous mirrors over the last few days and is available for download from this website now. We encourage all Anonymous to syndicate this file as widely as possible.

The contents are various and we won’t ruin the speculation by revealing them. Suffice it to say, everyone has secrets, and some things are not meant to be public. At a regular interval commencing today, we will choose one media outlet and supply them with heavily redacted partial contents of the file. Any media outlets wishing to be eligible for this program must include within their reporting a means of secure communications.

We have not taken this action lightly, nor without consideration of the possible consequences. Should we be forced to reveal the trigger-key to this warhead, we understand that there will be collateral damage. We appreciate that many who work within the justice system believe in those principles that it has lost, corrupted, or abandoned, that they do not bear the full responsibility for the damages caused by their occupation.

It is our hope that this warhead need never be detonated.

However, in order for there to be a peaceful resolution to this crisis, certain things need to happen. There must be reform of outdated and poorly-envisioned legislation, written to be so broadly applied as to make a felony crime out of violation of terms of service, creating in effect vast swathes of crimes, and allowing for selective punishment. There must be reform of mandatory minimum sentencing. There must be a return to proportionality of punishment with respect to actual harm caused, and consideration of motive and mens rea. The inalienable right to a presumption of innocence and the recourse to trial and possibility of exoneration must be returned to its sacred status, and not gambled away by pre-trial bargaining in the face of overwhelming sentences, unaffordable justice and disfavourable odds. Laws must be upheld unselectively, and not used as a weapon of government to make examples of those it deems threatening to its power.

For good reason the statue of lady justice is blindfolded. No more should her innocence be besmirked, her scales tipped, nor her swordhand guided. Furthermore there must be a solemn commitment to freedom of the internet, this last great common space of humanity, and to the common ownership of information to further the common good.

We make this statement do not expect to be negotiated with; we do not desire to be negotiated with. We understand that due to the actions we take we exclude ourselves from the system within which solutions are found. There are others who serve that purpose, people far more respectable than us, people whose voices emerge from the light, and not the shadows. These voices are already making clear the reforms that have been necessary for some time, and are outright required now.

It is these people that the justice system, the government, and law enforcement must engage with. Their voices are already ringing strong with a chorus of determined resolution. We demand only that this chorus is not ignored. We demand the government does not make the mistake of hoping that time will dampen its ringing, that they can ride out this wave of determination, that business as usual can continue after a sufficient period of lip-service and back-patting.

Not this time. This time there will be change, or there will be chaos…


Catholic hospital’s malpractice defense: fetuses aren’t people

Hypocrisy at its finest.

In 2006, a 31-year old woman 7 mo. pregnant with twins came to the hospital with a “clogged” pulmonary artery, which led to a heart attack. The OB/GYN on call (coincidentally her obstetrician) never answered his page. She died within an hour and her twins died, too. Her husband sued for wrongful-death of the twins. Catholic Health Initiatives, which runs that hospital, plus ~170 other health facilities in 17 states and has assets of $15 billion, has won in the District Court and the CO Court of Appeals by arguing that legally ‘person’ only encompasses those born alive, so the death of twin fetuses cannot be part of a wrongful death claim. The state Supreme Court will decide in the next few weeks whether to take the case or not.

I’m strongly pro-choice, so I understand why many people might be nervous about a ruling in favor of the plaintiff. Classifying this woman’s twin fetuses as “persons” only opens the door for further restrictions on abortion. Perhaps a good standard for determining where to draw the line in cases of fetal death would be based in large part on the pregnant woman’s intentions. This is still a far from perfect standard and it wouldn’t be much help if a woman’s intentions aren’t clear or if she hasn’t made up her mind. However, it does seem to be a way of respecting the fact causing the death of a woman’s fetus is more harmful to her if she wants to continue with her pregnancy than if she does not.

In this case, I buy the plaintiff’s (her husband) argument that a decision in favor of the defendant could set precedent that would relieve “doctors of responsibility to patients whose viable fetuses are at risk.” I also understand that the defendant, Catholic Health Initiatives, is making the strongest case it can based on existing law. That said, it seems disingenuous for an organization whose care is “rooted in a commitment to respect the sacredness of every human life from the moment of conception to death” to use this defense–especially when it also claims moral leadership, and names “moral wholeness, soundness, fidelity, trust, truthfulness in all we do” as core values.

Catholic health organizations provide a tremendous amount of care around the country and around the world, but I don’t think it’s appropriate for Bishops, instead of medical doctors, to set standards of healthcare. I hope that it doesn’t take another senseless death like that of Savita Halappanavar to ensure that all emergency departments in the U.S.* provide the full range of  healthcare to their patients. The Catholic Church’s willingness to claim that fetuses are “unborn children” when a woman wants to have an abortion but that they aren’t “persons” when defending themselves in a law suit only highlights the fact that the Church’s stances on birth control and abortion are really just about controlling women and their reproduction.


*I understand that a case like Savita Halappanavar’s would be less likely to happen here than in Ireland, where abortion is illegal, because in the U.S., she could be transported to another hospital. However, such a transport takes up valuable time that could be the difference between life and death.

Former anti-GMO activist Mark Lynas explains how science changed his mind

Mark Lynas, a former anti-GMO activist gave a speech earlier this month at the Oxford Farming Conference in which he explained how he came to support the GMO crops he used to oppose.

It’s a great speech, and well worth the 30 minutes it takes to watch or listen (the rest of the video is Q&A, but also good). He explains how, through the process of writing a book about Climate Change, he came to realize that his anti-GMO stance was completely non-science-based nonsense, based on the naturalistic fallacy and anti-corporate bias. He explains how GMO crops are a profound moral issue that could profoundly improve public health and the environment and why “organic” farming really isn’t (in general) particularly good for people or the environment.

Mark Lynas from Oxford Farming Conference on Vimeo.

NPR also recently interviewed Mr. Lynas.

Open Access advocate Aaron Swartz dead at 26

Aaron Swartz, an Internet pioneer and activist (he co-authored RSS 1.0 died yesterday in Brooklyn. No doubt the US government’s senseless criminal case against him contributed to his suicide. My sympathies go out to his family and friends grieve for him.

Alex Stamos was to have been an expert witness for the defense in the trial agains Aaron and his post explains the case well. In short, Aaron used MITs (intentionally) unsecured network and some basic scripts to download about 4 million academic journal articles from JSTOR. At the time, JSTOR’s contract with MIT allowed unlimited downloads and didn’t even use captchas.

On July 19, 2011 Aaron was charged with various computer fraud crimes that carried a potential 35-year sentence and $1 million fine. A NY Times article from the time indicates that he used some simple things to hide his identity (like covering his face with a bike helmet in front of cameras and using pseudonym to access the open network), but per Stamos’s post, he did little else to cover his tracks. It’s important to note that what he did is only hacking in the sense that ikeahackers.net or the Firefox extension DownThemAll are hacking. This isn’t stealing credit card info or medical records; it’s just accessing a bunch of articles really fast.

Aaron Swartz was a strong and vocal advocate for Open Access to research, something I strongly believe in. The world will be worse off without him, but it is already a better place because of him.

I’ll never procrastinate again…

From over at the great tumbler #whatshouldwecallmedschool. I marvel at all the hot shot professors who respond to e-mail in seconds; manage labs, grants, spouses, and children; mentor students; regularly work in other countries; and don’t seem overworked or underslept at all. I seriously do this every single test.

The day after a test and I tell myself I’m going to stay on top of things and study ahead.

The day after a test and I tell myself I'm going to stay on top of things and study ahead

Chinese tainted-milk whistleblower murdered?

Jiang Weisuo (蔣衛瑣), 44, the man who exposed the practice of adding melamine to milk in China was recently attacked and later died in the hospital. There’s a lot of mystery and speculation surrounding his death and I’m finding conflicting reports as to the timeline and potential suspects. For what it’s worth, I can’t find much of anything in English published before the attack that connects him to the milk scandal. I’ll try to repost once things become clearer, but in the meantime, here’s what I’ve found:

  • New Tang Dynasty TV claims that the attack happened two weeks ago and that he died in the hospital on Friday (2012-11-23). The article claims that he was “attacked by unidentified men” in Xi’an (西安) but that there may be a suspect in custody. NTD TV claims that he ran a dairy in Shaanxi (陕西) province that he had notified authorities of the practice as early as 2006, two years before the Chinese milk scandal made headlines. NTD TV also says there were initially “rumors that he had a 500,000 yuan, or $80,275 USD, price on his head”
  • The South China Morning Post asserts a different timeline: that he was stabbed on Nov. 2nd and died on Nov. 12th. SCMP also claims that Chinese media initially reported that Mr. Jiang was murdered by his wife, but that media outlets in China are now questioning that story. It also says that Wang Weimin, the chairman of the Xi’an Dairy Association, who also delivered Mr. Jiang’s eulogy claims his “criticisms of the industry” had nothing to do with his death. An earlier SCMP article asserts that, per Xinhua reporting, “Jiang was assaulted and critically injured on November 2 after he attended his meeting with his distributors at his dairy company” and that his whistleblowing took the form of a 2006 report titled “Diary [sic] Industry in Western China is Almost Doomed”.
  • China Daily, citing the PRC’s official press agency, Xinhua (新华), claims the opposite, that Mr. Jiang was “killed during a domestic dispute and not in a revenge attack as previously suspected.” It also claims that 6 of 9 suspects, “including his wife Yang Ping and her younger sister Yang Caiying” have been detained by police. They say he was killed in a “dispute with his wife over his drinking habits.” China Daily says that Mr. Jiang’s wife has confessed to the crime, citing Huang Lin, vice head of the Yanta branch of the Xi’an Municipal Public Security Bureau. Furthermore it claims that on Nov. 1st, Mr. Jiang had beaten his wife, who then turned to her younger sister and her husband for help. It also says that Mr. Jiang was the “founder and general manager of Yanglinbaofeng Agriculture Science and Technology Development Company” and was hailed as a “hero” and “pioneer” after the scandal finally came to light.
  • The best source I’ve found so far, Want China Times, discusses the differing accounts and claims many Chinese netizens believe that “police are trying to impute the crime to Yang” (Mr. Jiang’s wife). It’s also the only source to provide Jiang Weisuo’s name in Chinese characters (蔣衛瑣). Furthermore, it claims that he took a “100,000-kilometer trip in 2006 to investigate the production of fake milk in western China” before reporting it to the media, including CCTV (China Central Television). WCT suggests that his company went by a different name, Jiang Weisuo Dairy Company, and “owned more than 300 stores across China,” with expected revenue of 30 million yuan (US$4.8 million) this year.

Here are some other sources:

NTD World News Video:


How low can you go?

Pretty low, if you’re photographer and all-around upright citizen (UK), Les Pringle. Pringle, 48, has been found guilty of intentionally infecting a female partner with HIV. Even better, he’s  a “serial “ladies’ man…feared to have infected countless women with HIV” and is said to show “no remorse.”

Get Yourself TestedTalk to Your PartnerPractice Safer Sex.

I Said What What…

I haven’t done a digital rectal exam yet, but I feel certain that my ‘scumbag brain’ won’t let me not think of this when I do one for the first time. Also, I really hope that someday I have a patient who’s cool enough to say this to me when I’m about to do one. The internet has clearly ruined me.

“I said what what–in the butt”